Kim personally oversaw Sunday's test, the official Korea Central News Agency (KCNA) said, and pictures by state media showed him gazing at the missile in a hangar before the launch. It again demanded that Pyongyang conduct no further nuclear or ballistic missile tests. That could strike US military bases in Guam.
A small island in the Pacific, Guam is home to Andersen Air Force Base, through which the US Air Force rotates heavy bombers including B-1s, B-2s and B-52s.
The statement also condemned an April 28 ballistic missile launch by Pyongyang.
That suggests a range of 4,500 kilometres (2,800 miles) or more if flown for maximum distance, analysts said.
But in a statement on Sunday, it said Pyongyang had been "a flagrant menace for far too long" and that this "latest provocation" should "serve as a call for all nations to implement far stronger sanctions".
The Security Council has approved six increasingly tougher sanctions resolutions following its nuclear and missile tests.
Saying that it is too early to hold six-party talks on North Korea's nuclear development program, Abe stressed the need for exerting "solid pressure" on the country to cause it to change tack and create a situation where Pyongyang responds sincerely to demands from the worldwide community.
As if that were not frightening enough, this test also allows North Korea's rocket scientists to learn valuable lessons to better build an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) to hit the U.S. mainland - North Korea's top priority.
If it becomes apparent that an improved ballistic missile defense system will be ineffective in shooting down North Korean missiles, LDP arguments for pre-emptive strike capability will likely strengthen.
To actually deliver such a missile, Pyongyang would have to have advanced technology in both miniaturizing its nuclear weapons as well as in protecting a nuclear warhead from being destroyed upon re-entry in the earth's atmosphere.
The test "represents a level of performance never before seen from a North Korean missile", aerospace engineer John Schilling writes on the US-Korea Institute's blog 38 North. And yet, over the weekend, all three countries, together with dozens of others, gathered together in Beijing for the China-sponsored Belt and Road Forum.
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Sunday's test missile flew 787 kilometers (489 miles) across North Korea and into the Sea of Japan, also known as the East Sea, according to state media, and it appeared to have struck near the eastern coast of Russian Federation. A Japanese military official says the missile flew for about 30 minutes and landed in the Sea of Japan.
"With the missile impacting so close to Russian soil, in fact, closer to Russia than to Japan", Press Secretary Sean Spicer's statement read, "The President can not imagine that Russia is pleased". Mr. Moon also spoke with Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull, British Prime Minister Theresa May, Russian President Vladimir Putin, India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi and German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
USA defense officials said it landed about 60 miles from the Russian coast. Then, on May 13, a senior North Korean diplomat, Choe Son-hui, head of the foreign ministry's North America bureau, said her country would be willing to hold talks with the United States "if conditions are mature". "It is clear that North Korea is learning from those tests and improving their capabilities, with the ultimate goal of reaching the USA homeland".
North Korea made a global appeal in a letter released on Friday for states to reconsider enforcing U.N. sanctions on the Asian nation. Change has come to South Korea and the dynamics in the Korean peninsula are clearly shifting.
Moon said during his election campaign he would seek a dual-track policy of denuclearization and dialogue with the rogue state.
What will the U.S. do?
Those who said North Korea would be the top national security challenge facing the Trump administration - like former President Barack Obama - appear to have been correct.
Outside observers saw an important technological jump in Sunday's test.
North Korea has defied calls to curb its missile and nuclear weapons programs, testing its relationship with its lone major ally, China, which has always called for talks to resolve the issue, and prompting South Korea's new president, Moon Jae-in, to "strongly condemn" Sunday's action.
But, he added: "We must stop intimidating North Korea and find a peaceful solution to this problem".