According to the CMFRI's estimates, the total fish landing in India in 2016 weighed a total 3.63 million tonnes compared to 2015 when the total fish landing amounted to 3.40 million tonnes.
At the retail level, the estimated value was Rs 73,289 crore with an increase of 12.44 per cent over the previous year.
Ironically, while mackerel recorded a sharp decline in Kerala, it emerged top among the major resources obtained across the country.
Kerala has for the first time in history has dropped out of the top three States in marine fish landings in the country.
Gujarat continues to tally the most amount fish in India with a total fish landing of 7.74 lakh tonnes, while Tamil Nadu with 7.07 lakh tonnes came second, followed by Karnataka with 5.29 lakh tonnes.
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West Bengal, Karnataka, Gujarat, Kerala, Maharashtra and Daman and Diu witnessed a hike in the marine fish landings, whereas other states registered a fall in the catch in varying degrees. 2016. Kerala's most common fish species, oil sardine continued to show a decreasing trend in landings. At a mere 0.46 lakh tonnes in 2016, it is the lowest catch of sardine over the past two decades. The overall production was 2.5 lakh tonnes, ahead of sardine (2.44 lakh tonnes). CMFRI's landing report showed that chub mackerel (Scomber indicus) was limited to the Kerala coasts alone.
The oil sardine landings which had fallen to 2.66 lakh tonnes in 2015 from 5.45 lakh tonnes in the previous year, declined further in the year 2016 to 244992 tonnes. In fact, for the first time, the catch of sardine dropped to the third spot behind scads and mackerel. It recorded 0.46 lakh tonnes in 2016, a 32.8% decrease over previous year. At the retail level, the value is calculated at Rs 73289 crore.
"CMFRI director Dr A Gopalakrishnan said there is urgent need to implement control measures to maintain the harvest at sustainable level".
"Also, we have to explore the utilisation of untapped and unconventional resources to quench the demand".
Attributing climate change, particularly the increase in sea surface temperature and mean sea level rise as factors affecting marine fisheries, he said CMFRI is carrying out research works for developing frameworks to mitigate such challenges.