Several homes and civilian infrastructure were also damaged in the attack.
A recent report from the International Crisis Group - an independent peacebuilding group active in Nagorno-Karabakh - concluded in June that Armenia and Azerbaijan are now closer to a full-scale war than at any point since the two countries signed a ceasefire in 1994. Armenia claimed that the Alkhanly village was targeted because of the presence of Azerbaijani firing positions, which the Government of Azerbaijan and observers has resolutely refuted.
"Armenia's military action was deliberate and intentional and a violation of the ceasefire regime".
According to a statement from Nagorno-Karabakh's Ministry of Defence, Azerbaijan first opened fire from a position in the village of Alkhanli in the evening of 4 July, which "forced [Nagorno-Karabakh's army] to resort to retaliatory actions".
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She announced that Russian Federation supports the statement of the OSCE Minsk Group Co-Chairs which highlights the need to cease violence and resume the talks.
Armenia's direct and deliberate attacks against the Azerbaijani civilian population and civilian objects, constitute a serious violation of worldwide humanitarian and human rights law, including the 1949 Geneva Conventions and the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. They will be informed about the incident in detail.
Artak Beglaryan, spokesman for the prime minister of Nagorno-Karabakh tweeted on 5 July that Azerbaijan must be held responsible.
"On the other side Turkey declares that it condemns the casualties among the Azerbaijani civilian population suffered as a the result of the provocation initiated by the same Azerbaijan, without even mentioning that the main reason for those casualties is official Baku's policy of using its civilian population as a human shield", he added. As a result, the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict remains the largest threat to stability in the South Caucasus region.