Moscow, Putin warned, can not "put up forever with this boorishness".
The legislation bars President Trump from easing or waiving the penalties on Russian Federation unless Congress agrees.
"Previously Europe actively supported Washington's sanctions against Russian Federation".
Lawmakers said they also made adjustments so the sanctions on Russia's energy sector didn't undercut the ability of US allies in Europe to get access to oil and gas resources outside of Russian Federation.
The last-minute hurdle may prevent passage of the legislation before Congress breaks for its August recess. Trump has privately expressed frustration over Congress' ability to limit or override the power of the White House on national security matters, saying that it is complicating efforts to coordinate with allies - particularly those in Europe that have taken a different approach to sanctions. Faced with near-unanimous bipartisan support for the bill in both the House and Senate, the president finds his hands are tied, according to two administration officials and two advisers with knowledge of the discussions.
Trump's willingness to support the measure is a remarkable acknowledgement that he has yet to sell his party on his hopes for forging a warmer relationship with Moscow.
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The Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act imposes financial restrictions on Russia, North Korea and Iran for a wide range of offenses. "We continue to support strong sanctions against those three countries", Sanders said on Thursday. "So we see the legislative branch now trying to send a clear message to the executive branch on where they stand on the issue".
"There is a bipartisan consensus to confront Russian Federation across the board - from its actions in Ukraine, Syria, cyber, its election meddling - you name it", said Boris Zilberman, a Russian Federation sanctions expert with the Foundation for Defense of Democracies.
It said in a statement that the decision by Congress to impose new sanctions confirmed "the extreme aggression of the United States in global affairs".
Russian President Vladimir Putin, who has repeatedly denied the conclusions of US intelligence agencies that Moscow interfered using cyber warfare methods, has threatened retaliation against the legislation.
Echoing Trump's own repeated assertion that the Russian Federation investigations were "fake news" ginned up by crestfallen Democrats to explain Hillary Clinton's defeat, Putin said he did not consider the various inquiries in Washington as investigations "because an investigation envisages full clarification of all circumstances, studying and hearing various parties". Add to that falling oil prices and a weak ruble, and Russia's economy was shackled.
The ministry said it is ordering the U.S. Embassy in Russian Federation to reduce the number of its diplomats by September 1.
"The point is that the new sanctions follow the logic of Trump's election program, including creating new jobs, developing domestic energy and equating the trade balance with European countries", Grivach said.
Putin said on Thursday that Russian Federation had been "restrained and patient" in response to what he said were constant provocations by the United States. "At a certain moment we will have to respond", he said. "It's impossible to endlessly tolerate this boorishness towards our country".